5 Lung Diseases That Affect the Airways

5 Lung Diseases That Affect the Airways
There is a broad spectrum of lung diseases, which is made up of any disease that causes the lungs to not function as they should. They affect different parts of the respiratory system, including the airways, lung tissue and blood circulation. Here are a few examples of lung diseases that affect millions of people worldwide: MORE: How does COPD affect the body? Asthma Asthma affects the airways that bring air into the lungs. If you have asthma, those airways are consistently inflamed. An asthma attack occurs when something causes the lungs to spasm. This spasm will result in shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and chest tightness. There are many types of asthma, and each one is named after what triggers it. For example, if exercise triggers your asthma, then you have exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), or exercise-induced asthma (EIA). While asthma cannot be cured, it can be controlled with proper treatment. Bronchitis Most cases of bronchitis occur when the tubes (bronchi) that branch off from your windpipe get infected and swell up. This infection makes your body produce more mucus than usual, which it then tries to expel by coughing. There are two different types of bronchitis: acute bronchitis, which is temporary and usually occurs after a flu or a cold; and chronic bronchitis, which is far more serious. It will cause months of coughing, and usually occurs two years in a row. Most of the time,
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